Missouri appeals court fines litigant after finding fake, AI-generated cases cited in filings

Jonathan Karlen, from O’Fallon, Missouri, has been ordered to pay $10,000 for using AI to create fake citations in a legal brief. The Missouri Eastern District Court of Appeals found fault with the use of AI, which compelled opposing counsel to “expend more resources than necessary to decipher the record.” The court is penalising the appellant for filing a frivolous appeal. This case is the first appeals court case in Missouri that imposes sanctions on a party for creating fake citations using AI. The court could result in new court rules requiring lawyers and pro se litigants to verify all citations and identify any parts of their submissions generated by artificial intelligence or other non-human sources.

Source: St Louis Business Journal






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